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Various Pain Management Techniques

 

Pain is a sensory experience considered to be unpleasant. It can be an acute pain or a chronic pain. It is also a health problem that can be mild or severe. It can even affect the whole person’s everyday life. To help a person be relieved of pain, there are various pain management techniques that can be tried.

Pain management techniques can range from non-invasive, pharmacologic to non-pharmacologic methods. Leading the non-pharmacologic non-invasive methods for managing pain is meditation. Through this method, different types of pain can be alleviated. It can relieve a person from stress and ease muscle tension.

Another technique is biofeedback. It is a combination of visualization, relaxation and machine signals. In this method, a person is attached to a machine by electrodes. And through it, a person will learn to control heart rate, blood pressure, temperature and muscle tension,Subsequently, a pain management technique involving lying supine to systematically relax and tense parts of the body is called progressive relaxation. It can be followed by a creative imagery that will help a person imagine a happy and pleasant scene.

Moreover, a non-invasive method includes cutaneous stimulation. This technique is divided into two ways, heat and cold. For the heat, a person can take hot showers or hot water baths to relax the muscles. Hot packs can also be placed on the affected parts of the body. For the cold, a person can undergo cryotherapy wherein pain is relieved through numbing the nerve endings of a certain body part. Cold compresses made of frozen gel or ice cubes can be used as well.

Exercise can also help lessen pain. With the right type of exercise and the appropriate movements, pain relief will be easier. Electrotherapy is also a non-invasive technique. Among the types of electrotherapy, the most common is the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). This uses a low-voltage electrical stimulation to the sensory nervous system that then block pain signals. This is used commonly for those with chronic localized pain.

The last non-pharmacologic non-invasive pain management method is the manual techniques. This includes massage therapy, osteopathy and chiropractic techniques. Studies have shown evidences that these type of techniques are effective for a lot of people.
After the non-drug techniques is the non-invasive but pharmacologic way of controlling pain. These are more focused on the different pain relievers and medications. The most popular and commonly used pain relievers are analgesics. An example of this is acetaminophen. However, usage of these drugs can result to renal and hepatic damage. Next to analgesics are muscle relaxants. They help treat muscle spasms caused by pain. Dantrolene and metaxalone are example of muscle relaxants.

There are also medications called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). It includes naproxen and aspirin. For more severe types of pain, physicians usually prescribe narcotic medications like Nubain. But because these drugs involve risk of drug addiction, they are not prescribed for chronic pain. Finally, for people experiencing neuropathic pain, a drug of choice for them are antidepressants and anticonvulsants. These include imipramine and phenytoin respectively.

The effectiveness of the aforementioned pain management techniques may vary from person to person. It is important to try each method if possible so as to see which of them is the most effective for the person. Although for the pharmacologic methods, a doctor must be consulted first before trying any of the medications recommended for controlling pain. There is no need to endure pain because a lot of ways can help relieve it.